Forget Iron Man armor and exoskeletons. They're so last year. This season, augmenting human strength has moved to stretchable, flexible suits.
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency has shelled out $2.6 million to Harvard's Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering to build a "smart suit" that enhances the strength of soldiers in the field.
The amount of gear that the average trooper has to carry — in addition to the body armor — has gone up in the past few years. The modern soldier has a lot of sophisticated equipment now, but that stuff is also pretty heavy. So it's no surprise that the military is interested in boosting the amount of time that a person can carry all that stuff.
Thus far, most designs for exoskeletons, such as Raytheon's XOS, or the Human Universal Load Carrier, have relied on rigid struts and require a lot of power to operate. That's a big limiting factor — a soldier wouldn't want to be on a long hike in Afghanistan and have the batteries run out. Also, the suits aren't (yet) as flexible and easy to use as a lot of military planners would like.
The Wyss Institute design takes a different approach. Instead of using rigid systems to simply boost strength, the smart suit relies on soft, stretchable sensors that detect fatigue. To help a person maintain their posture, the suit might give a small vibrations to soothe leg muscles, not unlike a massager. That would keep soldiers walking and moving longer.
Being stretchable and soft would make a big difference to the wearer, of course, as it would be a lot more comfortable (and not chafe). As important, it could be worn under a uniform.
The project is still in the early stages, so the details of which technologies will be brought to bear haven't been worked out yet. The DARPA funding will go to a team headed by Conor Walsh, assistant professor of mechanical and biomedical engineering at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.
via: Wyss Institute
Image: Wyss Institute