Ancient teeth from Italy suggest that the arrival of modern humans in Western Europe coincided with the demise of Neanderthals.
Neanderthals may have gone extinct because anatomically modern humans used fire to cook their food, meaning they could get by on fewer resources.
The remains of an ancient Israeli female strongly suggests that Neanderthals and Homo sapiens first met and mated in Israel.
Are you struggling with your holiday shopping list? Imagine what your options may have been more than 50,000 years ago.
There is a surprising genetic unity between the earliest known Europeans and contemporary Europeans, ancient DNA reveals.
Possibly the first known example of Neanderthal rock art has been discovered in a seaside cave on the Rock of Gibraltar, archaeologists say.
Neanderthals may have interbred more widely than thought, if an inner ear with the species' traits are any sign.
A look at 50,000-year-old Neanderthal poop in Spain shows these early humans were omnivorous.
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