Beloved child star and comic actor Mickey Rooney, one of Hollywood's most enduring denizens whose career began in the silent film era, died on Sunday. He was 93.
Rooney's son Michael Joseph Rooney confirmed the actor's death to the New York Times. The celebrity website TMZ said that Rooney died of natural causes.
Rooney rose to fame as the plucky diminutive lad in the successful "Andy Hardy" film series of the late 1930s and early 1940s.
He also had notable turns as Puck in "A Midsummer Night's Dream" (1935) and in "National Velvet" (1944), opposite fellow child actor, 13-year-old Elizabeth Taylor.
More recently Rooney appeared in the 2006 comedy "Night at the Museum," and in the 2011 movie "The Muppets."
Credited with performances in more than 200 films, Rooney was awarded an honorary Oscar in 1982 for lifetime achievement.
While professionally successful, Rooney had a rocky personal life -- married eight times, he legally separated from his last wife, Jan, in June 2012.
The son of vaudeville performers who divorced when he was three, Rooney was born Joe Yule Junior on September 23, 1920 in Brooklyn, New York.
He went on the road with his parents' act at just two weeks old and accidentally became part of the act at 17 months.
Legend has it that a spotlight found the infant crouching underneath a shoeshine stand in the theater where his father was performing after he sneezed and blew his father's cover.
Startled, the toddler stood up and blew into a toy instrument attached to a string around his neck, and peals of laughter broke out in the audience.
Rooney made his big screen debut a few years later, in the 1926 film "Not to Be Trusted," and from 1927 to 1933, he went on to make about 50 silent comedies playing the comic-strip character Mickey McGuire.
Later, after meeting Judy Garland at an acting class, he appeared with the popular young actress in a string of successful films, including the "Andy Hardy" series.
"The audience and I are friends," Rooney once said. "They allowed me to grow up with them. I've let them down several times, they've let me down several times. But we're all family."
Having been the number-one US box office draw from 1939 to 1941, Rooney found it difficult to relaunch his career when he returned to Hollywood after being drafted during World War II.
But he eventually landed his own television show, "The Mickey Rooney Show," in 1954, and in the 1960s, he made the rounds of nightclubs and the theater circuit.
He was also nominated for a Tony Award for best actor in 1980 for his Broadway role in "Sugar Babies."
In March 2011 Rooney traveled to Washington DC, where he testified to a US Senate committee on elder abuse.
A few months later he filed elder abuse and fraud charges against stepson Christopher Aber, the son of his last wife, and Aber's wife. A court issued a restraining order against the Abers, and the case was settled in 2013 in Rooney's favor.