The Ultimate Lost Cities Quiz

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Lost cities have captured the fevered imagination of many poets, film producers and story tellers. It will never be known if some of the lost cities ever existed, yet there is clear evidence as to the existence of other lost cities. If you would like to know more about a few of the most famous lost cities, have a go at this quiz.
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1.Whatisalostcity?
  • a city that was destroyed
  • an imaginary city
  • both of the above
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: A lost city is a loose term to describe a city that has been buried or destroyed, a city that was unknown to Westerners but was later discovered, or a city conjured up in someone's fantasies and made famous.
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2.WhereisPompeiilocated?
  • Italy
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Pompeii was a city in Italy.
  • Greece
  • China
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3.Howdidthecitybecomelost?
  • It was destroyed in war.
  • It was destroyed by a volcano.
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Pompeii was destroyed when the volcano Mount Vesuvius erupted suddenly, showering the city with ashes and debris and trapping the city and its people under an airtight seal.
  • It sunk under water.
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4.InwhatyearwasPompeiidestroyed?
  • 79 B.C.
  • 79 A.D.
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Pompeii was destroyed in 79 A.D. It was a normal day in Pompeii, when the volcano suddenly erupted.
  • 179 A.D.
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5.HowmanypeoplediedinPompeii?
  • 2000
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Many residents of Pompeii managed to escape before the volcanic waste rested on the city. However, some 2,000 people became trapped under the ashes and didn't make it out.
  • 3000
  • 4000
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6.InwhatyearweretheruinsofPompeiidiscovered?
  • 1648
  • 1748
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Archeologists discovered the lost city in 1748. They were extremely surprised by the almost-perfect preservation of the buildings and objects, even though they had been buried for more than 1,500 years. This has been attributed to air pockets that prevented air and water eroding the city. Although the bodies of people had turned to dust, the air pockets that they were in remained intact, and molds made from the air pockets show a striking resemblance to the people that were trapped inside them.
  • 1848
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7.WhatisthecityofElDoradoknownfor?
  • its riches
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: El Dorado is known as the city of riches. However, the city has yet to be found. European explorers first heard about the city from South Americans who told tales about an extremely wealthy Indian chief who was covered in gold dust. The city was believed to be full of precious gems and gold.
  • its size
  • its military
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8.WhichfamousexplorersetouttofindElDorado?
  • Sir Francis Drake
  • Christopher Columbus
  • Percy Harrison Fawcett
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: British explorer Percy Harrison Fawcett set out to find El Dorado in 1925. He entered the Amazon in search of what he called the city of Z. However, Fawcett and his group were never seen again and many explorers that have tried to find them have returned empty-handed.
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9.ThecityofTroywaslocatedinwhichmodern-daycountry?
  • Portugal
  • Turkey
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Troy is located in what is now Turkey.
  • Egypt
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10.WhichfamouspersondescribedthestoryoftheTrojanWar?
  • Homer
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Homer described the Trojan War in his famous poems "The Odyssey" and "The Iliad."
  • Plato
  • Rhyanus
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11.WhatwasthecauseoftheTrojanWar,accordingtoHomer'sdescription?
  • desire for riches
  • a love affair
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Homer's poems tell of an affair between the Trojan prince, Paris, and Helen, the beautiful wife of King Menelaus of Sparta. Menelaus went to war against Troy as a result of the affair. The war involved the famous wooden horse and many other famous tales.
  • dispute over land
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12.WhathappenedtoTroyaftertheTrojanWar?
  • It was resettled by the Spartans.
  • It was deserted.
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: From 1100 to 700 B.C., Troy appears to have been abandoned. It was later resettled, but was captured by the Romans in 85 B.C. and civilization fizzled out, leaving the city in ruins.
  • It was destroyed in an earthquake.
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13.InwhatyearwasTroydiscovered?
  • 1622
  • 1722
  • 1822
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: The ruins of Troy were discovered by archeologists in 1822.
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14.ManylayersofcitiesbuiltontopofeachotherhavebeendiscoveredatthearcheologicalsiteofTroy.InwhatlayerfromthebottomisTroybelievedtolie?
  • 2nd
  • 6th
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: It is believed that Troy's remains lie in the sixth and seventh oldest layers. Stone walls and fortresses have been found in these layers and match those described in Homer's poems.
  • 13th
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15.WhatpurposedidthecityofCarthageinitiallyserve?
  • It was a trading post.
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: The Phoenicians founded Carthage in around 800 B.C. to serve as a trading post in North Africa to Italy. The location brought great prosperity to the city, but also led to 150 years of war with Rome, eventually leading to the city's destruction.
  • It was a strategic war point.
  • It was a fishing port.
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16.WhichfamousmilitarytacticianledmanyofCarthage'sbattles?
  • Alexander
  • Brennus
  • Hannibal
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Despite being led by Hannibal, Carthage's legendary military tactician, Carthage was defeated by the Romans multiple times until its complete destruction, a few years after its last semi-return to glory in 151 B.C.
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17.Carthageispartofwhichcountrytoday?
  • Algeria
  • Tunisia
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Carthage is now a wealthy suburb of Tunisia.
  • Libya
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18.AccordingtowhomwasAtlantisabustling,wealthysociety?
  • Plato
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who told of the wealth, architectural marvels and thriving culture of Atlantis, which he claimed was a real city that disappeared around 9,000 years before he described it.
  • Archimedes
  • Herod
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19.HowdosomearchaeologistsbelievedAtlantisdisappeared?
  • It was sunk by a volcanic eruption.
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: Some believe that Atlantis was located in the Greek Islands and sunk as a result of a volcanic eruption. However, others dispute this and believe the city to be located underwater near the Caribbean, Ireland, South America or even near Antarctica.
  • It was destroyed in the ice age.
  • It was blown apart by a massive asteroid.
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20.WhenwasthemostrecentclaimtothefindingofAtlantismade?
  • 1009
  • 1509
  • 2009
    Incorrect! Correct Answer: As recent as February 2009, it was claimed that Atlantis had been found. An aeronautical engineer used the Google Ocean Tool to comb through thousands of photos of ocean landscapes and claimed that he had found the underwater city off the northwest coast of Africa.
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