Seabiscuit 2? Cloned Horses Join Horse Registry

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Who would win a race between Secretariat, Seabiscuit and Man 'o War?

Scientists have made a major advancement -- cloning hundreds of identical mice from a single drop of blood.
DCI

Those champion racehorses were separated by decades, but thanks to advances in science, it's now possible to extract DNA from their remains, clone them, and bring exact copies of the legendary champions back to life.

And that scenario may someday be possible, thanks to a landmark ruling in Texas last week, in which U.S. District Judge Mary Lou Robinson ordered the American Quarter Horse Association -- the world’s largest horse breeding and registry organization -- to allow cloned horses.

“Theoretically, could they clone the great American quarter horses? Sure, and that’s part of what the opposition is,” Tom Persechino, a spokesman for the AQHA, told FoxNews.com. “It’s not strictly for breeding purposes.”

To hear Jason Abraham, who won the lawsuit on Aug. 14, cloning is simply the latest in a long line of advances, from transfer of embryos to the use of frozen sperm to intracytoplasmic sperm injection -- all techniques that let breeders avoid genetic dead-ends and preserve valued traits.

“I’m probably the largest horse owner in the country, maybe in the world. And I’m always on the leading edge of reproduction -- and apparently they don’t like that,” Abraham told FoxNews.com.

Quarterhorses are different from thoroughbreds like Secretariat: They're raised for quick power and speed rather than endurance. Quarterhorse racing raised more than $300 million in wagers at U.S. racetracks in 2010; it’s the third-most popular form of horse racing, after thoroughbreds and standardbred racing horses.

After cloning them, it's a short leap to other animals. The procedure is now commonplace among cattle, Abraham said. Citing backers of the technology, NBC News said cloning will spread this year to rodeo competitions like barrel racing and reining, polo matches and equestrian events leading up to the 2014 Olympics.

The AQHA has numerous other reasons for its ban on cloning.

“Clones don't have parents. Cloning is not breeding,” reads a position statement on the group’s site. “Cloning doesn't improve the breed; it just makes Xerox copies of the same horses,” the group says.

Abraham sees it differently. He believes a powerful group of breeders that make up the AQHA see cloned horses not as way to sell the Morning Line, but as a threat to the bottom line.

“The good ol’ boys club, they syndicate stallions, like Corona Cartel,” he told FoxNews.com, citing a popular sire. “You got a $20 million stud there. … They don’t want every Tom, Dick and Harry to breed the Corona Cartel.”

In addition, cloning could help breeders avoid problems that crop up when a single stud’s genes are constantly re-used, he said.

“We’ve got so many horses that are bred the same way, genetically, we’ve got these terrible diseases where the skin falls off the horse,” he said. For the disease called HERDA, or hereditary equine regional dermal asthenia, there is no cure.

“We bring back older genetics that are HERDA free … it just gives you a tool to go off in a different direction,” he said.